Historical Discriptions :
Nadu's history dates back to 4000 B.C. Prehistoric tools, weapons and
burial sites discovered in various parts of Tamil Nadu point to this area
being one of the longest continuous habitations in India. Tamil Nadu, from
early pre-historic times was ruled by three famous kingdoms namely the
Pandyas, the Cheras and the Cholas. The Pallavas ruled the territory for
over two centuries from 600 AD to 800 AD. They were the great temple
builders and dominated the south for 150 years. The Pallava period was
followed by the later Cholas who ruled the country from 9th century A.D to
13th century A.D. The art, architecture, literature and spiritualism
flourished during the Chola reign. The Cholas were overthrown by the later
Pandyas who ruled the region for a brief period in the early 14th century as
the Khiljis invaded the south and the Pandya capital, Madurai was sacked.
The Vijayanagar empire prevented the spread of the Muslim rule in south and
renovated most of the temples damaged by the earlier Muslim invaders.
Tamil Nadu Cities :
Attractions in Tamilnadu :
Karnataka invites tourists from all over the world for its rich culture and
heritage along with rich flora and fauna.
» Beaches -
Tamil Nadu's 900 km coastline
boasts of several captivating beaches. Long stretch of golden sands,
palm-casuarina groves and the gentle breeze can truly makes one spellbound.
Marina, Rameshwaram, Kovalam, Elliots, Mahabalipuram, Velankanni and
Kanyakumari Beach are some of the lovely beaches and are frequently visited
by a large number of tourists and vacationers.
Hill Stations -
The hill stations of Tamil Nadu offers a peaceful
holiday to the tourists. The three major hill stations- Ooty, Kodaikanal and
Yercaud- promise an unforgettable vacation amidst thickly wooded slopes,
waterfalls, precipitous rocky out-crops and fragrant flowers.
» Wildlife -
Tamil Nadu is renowned for its flora
and fauna. Some of the prominent wildlife sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu are the
Kalakadu Wildlife sanctuary in Tirunelveli, the Mundanthurai Wildlife
Sanctuary in Tirunelveli, the Mukurthi National Park in Ooty, the Madhumalai
Wildlife Sanctuary in Ooty and the Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary in
Coimbatore. One can enjoy the sight of such wildlife species as tiger,
spotted deer, wild boar, civet cat, flying squirrel, four-horned antelope,
bison, panther, leopard and other rare species of resident and migratory
birds in the periphery of various sanctauries loacted here.
Shopping in Tamilnadu :
Several state-run and private emporia sell decorative articles made of
sea-shells, granite and small statues carved out of soft stones. Handicrafts
of different kinds such as rose-wood, sandal-wood, ivory, bronze, silver and
leather are also available here. Best buys include the Kanchipuram silk
sarees and the Thanjavur paintings.
Festivals of Tamilnadu :
Tamil Nadu is a land of festivals. Umpteen festivals are observed
throughout the year and most of the festivals are associated with religion
and temples. Pongal is the most important festival and is celebrated with
gay and enthusiasm. It is celebrated on the arrival of fresh harvest in the
middle of January and is often called Tamilar Thirunal'.
Brahmothsavam or Chitthirai festival is another chief festival celebrated in
all temples for 10 days. The Summer Festival is celebrated in hill stations
like Ooty, Kodaikanal and Yercaud followed by flower and fruit shows and
cultural programmes. The spectacular Dance Festival is held in the beautiful
surroundings of Mamallapuram by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation,
bringing everlasting joy to the onlookers.