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Kerala Tourist Information
Home :: Indian Tourist Destinations :: Kerala

Kerala


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Historical Discriptions :
HouseboatGod's own country Kerala is one of the southernmost state of India and is situated at the south-west coast of India. Kerala's history dates back to Mauryan Empire. The first written history of Kerala can be found the Ashokan inscription, where emperor Ashoka(269-232BC) had mentioned four independent kingdom in the south of his empire and Kerala or the Keralaputras is one of them. The Sangam literature talks about three empires : the Ays, the Cheras and the Ezhimalas which now constitutes Kerala.

Earlier Kerala and Tamil Nadu were together known as 'Tamilakam', once sharing a common language and culture. But in the early 14th century, Kerala became a linguistically separate region. Kerala has a very long list of contact with the outside world. The ports of Kerala were a major link between the Middle East, Mediterranean and China. In 1498, Vasco da Gama led the Portuguese to India for spice trade. But during the mid 18th century, with the coming of British East India Company, the British gained supremacy over the spice trade. In the late 18th century, after the four Anglo-Mysore Wars, the region became a part of the Madras Presidency. After India's Independence in 1947, the Government of India's State Recognisation Act(1956) formed a new state Kerala incorporating Travancore, Cochin and Malabar, which was formerly part of Madras State.

Kerala Cities :
Cochin   |   Kovalam   |   Kumarakom   |   Munnar   |   Thekkady   |   Trivandrum


Attractions of Kerala Tours:
Kovalam beach keralaKerala is one of the most popular tourist destination in the southwestern India. It offers an endless list of destinations including bewitching beaches, kerala backwaters, hill station, waterfalls, wildlife sanctuaries, historic cities with numerous ancient temples, churches and palaces. Besides, its traditional classical art, ayurvedic rejuvenation therapy and traditional cuisine also attract tourists from all over world. The Kovalam beach, Alappuzha and Kumarakom backwater, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kumarakom bird sanctaury, Munnar Hill Station are some of the major attraction of the state.


Shopping in Kerala :
Kerala offers a range of shopping items to its visitors. The main items include jewellery, spices, handicrafts, handloom and several antique objects. The state also offers many precious metals and stones and among jewellery items gold necklace, bangles, earrings, studs are some most purchasing items by visitors. Coir products, wooden handicraft items, traditional dress materials are some other products to purchase.

Festivals of Kerala :
Like most parts of India, Kerala also celebrates numerous colourful festivals that are symbols of its varied cultural heritage. In Kerala, every community and every religion has something to celebrate throughout the year. Some of the major ones are :
» The Onam Festival - Celebrated in the month of August, it is the annual harvest festival of Kerala and continues for 10 days. Elephant procession, classical dance & music, folk dance & music, water carnivals are the prime features of this festival.
» Thrissur Porram Festival - Held in the month of April/May, it is one of the most popular festival of Kerala celebrated at the temple of Vadakkananthan in Thrissur district. Various rituals, prayers, spectacular firework display and a procession of decorated elephants bearing the idols of gods on their back are the prime attractions of this festival. It is one of the annual event on the tourist calender of Kerala.
» Vishu - It is another most popular festival of Kerala. Vishu falls in the month of March/April, which is the Malayalam New Years Day. It is considered as an auspicious day for new beginnings.
» Attukal Pongala Festival - It is the festival celebrated by women, who assembled at the Attukal Temple and offer cooking food to the goddess. The food is taken to home, after all rituals done by the chief priest.

Other important festivals of Kerala are several boat festivals, Id, Muharam, Deepavali and several other including many national festivals that are celebrated all over the country.

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